Rush to Join Us: Compulsory Heterosexuality in Greek Letter Organizations
The social power observed within collegiate fraternities and sororities has long been a source of interest for many social psychologists in observing the organization’s social influences and their ability to foster group mentality amongst their group members. Little research, however, has been conducted in anaylizing how these groups’ powerful socialization techniques can influence the behavior of their queer members and their ability to instill an environment for compulsory heterosexuality within their spheres. This literature review seeks to define and investigate the relationship of social-collegiate fraternities and sororities in influencing compulsory heterosexuality behavior in their members. This review breaks down the components of compulsory heterosexuality (heteronormativity, sexism and gender expectations, and social desirability) and adresses the ways in which collegiate Greek Letter Organizations (GLOs) adhere to this phenomenon by examining their influence in identity formation, heteronormativity, and sexism and gender expectations. This review also warns against some of the dangerous consequences of this unchecked environement by specifically examining the relationship between compulsory heterosexuality and the fostering toxic masculinity and prevalence of rape culture within fraternities.